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More women than men in India: NFHS-5

Thursday November 25, 2021, By Diversity Digest

For the first time, India has recorded more women than men. According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)- 5, there are 1020 women for every 1000 men.

The findings mean that India is no longer the country of missing women, a term used by Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen in the 90s. Then there were just 927 women for every 1000 men.

This is the first time that the sex ratio is skewed in favor of women.

The NFHS-5, conducted in 2019 and 2021 in phases, is a comprehensive survey that covered 650,000 households from 707 districts of India. The States and Union Territories surveyed in Phase-II include Arunachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, NCT of Delhi, Odisha, Puducherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand.

The sex ratio is an important social indicator, and for decades now, India has been grappling with the challenge of improving it.

According to news reports, the survey also shows that more women have completed over ten years of school education. However, there has been a drop in women’s workforce participation, owing to the pandemic.

Reports in the past have shown that Indian sectors need a combination of cognitive, technical, and vocational skills.

Avtar, which has been actively speaking for an increased women workforce participation, has also been engaged in re-skilling, upskilling and counseling women to take up career paths.

The improved ratio points to the need for structured intervention to ensure that women’s representation in the job market grows by empowering them with the skills required.

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